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There are plenty of ways you can compost, whether with a big garden or a smaller one – here are the most common ways you can start composting.

What are the most common ways to start composting?

Pile / Heap Composting

Traditionally a pile of green and brown matter, it’s also known as the “hurry up and wait” method. It is easy and cheap to set up with wire mesh or a self-made box. Heap composting can be hot or cold and is best for those with a large yard to dump your scraps in.

Pit / Trench Composting

Digging a hole or pit in the ground and burying your scraps. Best for gardeners who know well in advance of the growing season the area in which they’d like to have rich, fertile soil. However, you can only bury fruit and vege scraps as meat products might attract birds, garden critters or pests.


A great option for busy gardeners with small space as you are getting worms to do the most work for you. It is the most common and preferred method of composting, as it grows worms, produces compost and compost tea while keeping rats out of your compost.

Red Wiggler worms are the most popular type of worm used for this process as they are extremely efficient waste-eaters!

Black Soldier Fly Composting

Black soldier fly larvae are great composters of decaying food. The protein packed larvae can be harvested to feed to chooks and used as fish bait. The larvae can often be mistaken for maggots. Unlike maggots they are industrious in turning food scraps to compost much more rapidly than worms. Black soldier fly composting farms are set up outdoors and, in the winter, composting might be difficult.

Bokashi Bin

The Bokashi bucket system is an ancient method of food waste diversion developed in Japan. The bokashi method is the fermentation or ‘pickling’ of your kitchen scraps to bring it to a pre-compost state with help of the bokashi bran.

Burying your bokashi in the ground is when it starts to break down into compost. It is generally indoors, and the process is generally quick as it only takes about 4 weeks, from beginning to the end.

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Tumbler Composting

Essentially a closed compost bin or drum that is rotated to mix your food scraps or compost.

The tumbling process allows for the introduction of air pockets or oxygen to the decomposing matters which helps the microorganisms and other organics break down food better. It is a great system for those who are relatively strong to turn it every day or every few days.

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